Causes and precautions of 'Pneumonia'

What is 'Pneumonia'?

Lung inflammation caused by infection is called 'Pneumonia', in one or both lungs. Inflammed lungs cause difficulty in passing air due to which patients face trouble in breathing. It affects the sacs of the lungs(alveoli). The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus. Inflammation often causes in the lower part of the lungs. Winter causes a rapid increase in pneumonia patients. It is most serious for infants and young children less than 5, people older than age 65, and people with health problems or weakened immune systems It is the leading cause of death among children in low-income countries. The World Health Organization estimates that one in three newborn infant deaths is due to pneumonia.

Types

There are 3 types of Pneumonia:

  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Fungal pneumonia

Causes

This disease has many causes but we will discuss a few:

  • Inflammation in the lungs or trachea
  • Coldness
  • Cough or sore throat
  • Wearing wet clothes for a long time
  • keeping in cold air for a long time
  • Using cigarette and tobacco
  • laying on cold grass after exercise/play
  • Staying at cattle farm for a long while
  • Immunodeficiency, alcoholism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, chronic kidney diseases, liver diseases.

Symptoms

  • Catarrh
  • Fatigue
  • Cough, which may produce phlegm
  • Trouble in breathing
  • Dry cough, chest pain, and excessive fever
  • More sweat production
  • Pale skin
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Low blood pressure

Precative measures

Prevention includes:

  • Vaccination prevents against certain bacterial and viral pneumonias both in children and adults.
  • Environmental measures and appropriately treating underlying illnesses (such as HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus, and malnutrition) can decrease the risk of pneumonia.
  • Smoking appears to be the single biggest risk factor for pneumonia.
  • In children less than 6 months of age, exclusive breastfeeding reduces both the risk and severity of disease.
  • Taking food and vegetables which have vitamin A.
  • Reducing indoor air pollution, such as that from cooking indoors with wood, crop residues or dung, are both recommended.

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